Good installation is crucial for trouble-free startups and optimum tower performance. Experienced installers share their practical knowledge to help you make sure that your tower will work as expected. The advice also applies to absorbers and strippers.
Author: Frank Rukovena, Jr., Fractionation Research, Inc.
Consider a variety of factors to select a unit that comes the closest. What steam traps lack in size, they make up for in numbers. In a typical steam plant, their numbers range from several hundred in a large steam plant to more than 20,000 in refinery or chemical complexes.
The traditional approach to experimentation, often referred to as the scientific method, requires changing only one factor at a time (OFAT), but this method only allows one to see things one dimension at a time. By varying factors only at two levels each, but simultaneously rather than one at a time, experimenters can uncover important interactions.
Author: Mark J. Anderson and Patrick J. Whitcomb, Stat-Ease
While fermentation-based syntheses were once reserved for producing high-value specialty chemicals and biopharmaceuticals, bioprocess routes now are gaining increasing attention for commodity products.
Author: John L. Shaw, P.E., and Scott A. Rogers, P.E., CH2MHill Lockwood Greene