Borealis operates a facility in Porvoo, Finland, that produces ethylene, propylene, butadiene, acetone, phenol and polyethylene. The complex, which employs almost 900 people, is integrated with a refinery upstream. In the spring of 2007, Borealis upgraded an ethylene cracker there. To get a solid return on the millions of euros invested in the project, it was essential to meet the target production rates each week once the ethylene unit came online. The company realized that improved control performance was crucial to achieving that goal. With almost 1,000 control loops in the ethylene cracker and only a few control engineers, Borealis needed to focus efforts on the most important areas.
The dashboard provides an overall view and, with drilling down, highlights major opportunities for improvement.
Without any dedicated tools or techniques for control loop monitoring, Borealis relied heavily on instrument maintenance and control engineers to detect problems. This reactive approach meant that only the most obvious and visible problems were addressed. Equipment repairs were based on age of service rather than objective measures of condition. Without the tools for continuous monitoring, problems often progressed to the point of failure before being reported and corrected.
To prepare the controls for successful startup, the company adopted three major strategies:
- operator training with a simulator
- revision of APC
- improvement of regulatory controls.
Operator training — Ethylene crackers average five years between turnarounds, so operators don’t develop much experience with startup and shutdown situations. To fill that experience gap, Borealis installed an operator training simulator.
The simulator trains operators to handle:
- normal operation
- abnormal and emergency situations.
Advanced controls — With the changing process, Borealis needed to revise the APC. They were extended to include the new process equipment; models also were updated to reflect the performance of the new system.
To ensure that APC could deliver the most value, Borealis focused particularly on stabilizing and improving the underlying regulatory controls. Even small levels of cycling or instability may cause the APC to back away from optimal operation.
Regulatory control improvements — Borealis recognized that issues such as control valve mechanical problems, poor controller tuning and instrument failures were undermining regulatory control and directly affecting the performance of the plant.
To address these issues, we installed PlantTriage performance supervision software from ExperTune. This software connects to the control system via OPC and then identifies and prioritizes opportunities to improve regulatory control.
The software allowed us to see, for the first time, the performance of all the important control loops in our plant. Within a few days of software installation, we had uncovered a host of control system opportunities.
The Borealis team used plant performance dashboards (Figure 1) to determine the most important issues. Through these dashboards plant personnel could quickly identify the issues, drill down to root causes and then take appropriate actions.